¿Como es posible que aún no esté reconocido el gobierno palestino en toda la Comunidad Internacional? Un gobierno surgido de unas elecciones limpias y democráticas como reconocieron todos los observadores internacionales (Jimmy Carter Foundation, el Parlamento Europeo, el Consejo de Europa, otros) y de unas dificilísimas negociaciones entre Fatah y Hamas, impuestas por la misma Comunidad Internacional y auspiciadas por el Gobierno de Arabia Saudí así como apoyadas por toda la Liga Árabe. Sería un auténtico suicidio para Israel, dejar pasar esta oportunidad. Sería una inmensa torpeza y correr un terrible riesgo para la UE. Ante el caos regional presidido por la catástrofe de Irak, una pequeña esperanza de Paz en Oriente Próximo es lo menos que puede iniciarse para reconstruir la confianza en la gobernabilidad mundial, la legalidad internacional y las instituciones multilaterales.
Una nueva muestra del esfuerzo que realizan notables de todo el mundo, no la dejen pasar!
Crisis Group Board Calls for Urgent New Commitment to Arab-Israeli Peace
Vancouver, 26 March 2007: The formation of a Palestinian national unity government and the renewed commitment by Arab League states to the Arab peace initiative create a genuine opportunity for progress toward Arab-Israeli peace which must not be missed.
The Board of Trustees of the International Crisis Group, meeting in Vancouver on the weekend, debated a report from a high-level Crisis Group delegation which earlier this month met in the region with senior officials from Israel, Syria and the Palestinian Authority (including both Fatah and Hamas). Members agreed that if an urgently needed breakthrough was to be achieved, leadership and movement were required on several different tracks:
Arab diplomatic engagement with Israel. Following the recently more positive response of Israeli leaders, and to increase the confidence of the Israeli public, we urge Arab leaders to agree at their Summit on Wednesday to embark on a major program of international visits, including to Israel, to explain the contents of the Arab peace initiative, and in particular how a two-state agreement would lead to normalisation of relations between Israel and the whole Arab world. The Palestinian national unity government should make clear its acceptance of the terms of the initiative as restated by next weekend’s summit.
Presentation by the Quartet (US, EU, Russia and UN Secretary-General) of a detailed outline of a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Aided by the Arab initiative, and the renewed willingness of the U.S. Secretary of State to engage, there is currently greater consensus than ever on the need for an endgame-first approach, and on the necessary contours of a political settlement. But the international community needs to provide as much clarity and detail as possible upfront on what the contents of a final agreement might look like – including on the issues of boundaries (based on the 1967 line with appropriate territory swaps), refugees and the status of Jerusalem – in order to encourage the Israeli and Palestinian leaderships to make the necessary compromises.
Progressive lifting of the financial boycott of the Palestinian national unity government. Circumventing the Palestinian Authority has not reduced the volume of aid; rather, it has meant a less efficient, accountable and transparent process, and the undermining of painfully reconstructed institutions of Palestinian governance. Assistance should be provided through the Finance Ministry, now led by a minister universally respected by the international community.
Preparedness to engage politically with the Palestinian national unity government. Any attempt to boycott, undermine or marginalise the government will hamper efforts to reach a cease-fire and to promote a political settlement. In conversations with senior Hamas leaders, Crisis Group found important movement on issues critical for advancement of the peace process: commitment to a reciprocal, comprehensive cease-fire; agreement that establishing a state within the 1967 borders is the common Palestinian objective; acceptance of President Abbas as the sole, empowered negotiator with Israel; and a pledge to abide by any agreement that has been democratically ratified by proper Palestinian institutions. While there is need for further clarification of these commitments, this can only be obtained through dialogue with the government.
Restarting Israeli-Syrian talks. In discussions with Crisis Group, senior Syrian officials made clear their readiness to resume negotiations without any precondition. Settlement of the Israeli-Syrian conflict, and meeting continuing concerns about Syria’s role in Lebanon, are essential components of normalisation of relations between Israel and the Arab world.
The Crisis Group Board members said they were convinced there exists now a major opportunity to reach a comprehensive Arab-Israeli settlement. But it is not open-ended, and the alternative is not indefinite continuation of the status quo. If the current chance for a breakthrough is not grasped over the next few months – with the government of Israel and the US having the most critical role in this respect – there is a real possibility that support for a two-state solution among Palestinians and in the wider Arab world would disappear, with all the renewed tensions this is bound to generate.
The Crisis Group Board members present in Vancouver and unanimously agreeing were:
Lord Patten of Barnes (Co-Chair)
Thomas R. Pickering (Co-Chair) (by telephone)
Gareth Evans (President)
Maria Livanos Cattaui
Nancy Kassebaum Baker
Contact: Andrew Stroehlein (Brussels) +32 (0) 2 541 1635 email@example.com